Without glasses or contacts, patients with myopia experience blurred vision in the distance, while closer objects are clear and focused.
Short-sightedness, like farsightedness and astigmatism, describes refractive error. This means that it is not an eye disease or eye health problem, just an issue with how the eye focuses light. Myopia occurs when the cornea and lens curvature are too steep for the length of the eye so the image focuses at a point in front of the retina, leading to blurred distance vision.
Patients with myopia can be free from glasses and contact lenses with surgery that typically suits their age.
For those aged 20-45 years, LASIK is preferred, while an intracollamer lens (ICL) may suit those with a thin cornea or high prescription. For those people aged over 45 years, refractive lens exchange with premium intraocular lens implants corrects vision, removes the lens so a cataract will never develop and restores youthful vision for life. While those who are 60+ years of age, cataract surgery with premium intraocular lens implants corrects vision, removes the cataract and restores youthful vision for life.